Description
Space Weather is the variation in Sun energy emissions, solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere and thermosphere, which can influence the performance and reliability of a variety of space borne and ground-based technological systems. As such Space Weather is recognised as the cause of significant errors experienced by Global Satellite Navigation Systems (GNSS), Satellite Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS) and their users.

GNSS or SBAS signals, propagating from a satellite to the user receiver, pass through the ionosphere where they are subject to the damaging effects of Space Weather. Under these conditions pseudorange errors and signals scintillations at user receiver level are present. The effects are critical at low latitudes where most of the developing countries are located.

The purpose of the proposed workshop is to give theoretical and practical training on the physics of Space Weather and its main effects on the GNSS operations with particular emphasis on the low latitudes ionospheric processes related to Space Weather.

This workshop is the number 10 of the series of activities in the field carried out since 2009 by the ICTP T/ICT4D in partnership with the Institute for Scientific Research (ISR) of Boston College done with the collaboration of the International Committee on GNSS of the UN Office of Outer Space Affairs and The Institute of Navigation both in Trieste and in Africa.
During the first day of the Workshop a review of the impact of these training efforts on the capacity building in the field in Africa and in general in developing countries will be given.


Topics:
  • Impact of the ICTP T/ICT4D Boston College ISR joint training activities on GNSS science and applications in developing countries. (Speakers from Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Argentina and Malaysia will describe research and academic achievements in their countries as a result of the joint training activities)
  • Introduction to satellite navigation and positioning (Representatives of national and international institutions dealing with GNSS activities will be invited to illustrate the importance of satellite navigation for the developing countries)
  • GNSS: systems and operations
  • Introduction to Space Weather
  • Continuous and transient transport of energy from the Sun to the Earth 
  • Ionosphere and its response to Space Weather with particular attention to low latitudes
  • Space Weather effects on GNSS operations
  • Computer Laboratory exercises on the use of Space Weather data for GNSS research and applications



The deadline for submitting applications expired on 1 February 2018.
 
Go to day
  • Monday, 23 April 2018
    • 09:00 - 18:30
      Location: Adriatico Guest House - Kastler Lecture Hall
      • 09:00 Registration and administrative formalities 1h0' ( Adriatico Guest House - Kastler Lecture Hall Area (Lower Level 1) )
        REGISTRATION (9AM- 10AM)
        Participants NOT STAYING in ICTP guesthouses and all faculty should register for the Workshop. Registration of participants staying in one of the guesthouses is done upon arrival, at Reception desks. 
        
        After registration, visitors funded by the ICTP must go to the Operations Office (E. Fermi building, ground floor), with their badge and passport or I.D. Card, to collect their dues. It is strongly recommended that you visit the Operations Office during this slot, as their opening hours are limited to Monday, Tuesday and Friday (8:30-12:00/13:30-14:30) and the Bank is only open on Mondays (8.20-13.20 and 14.30-16.00).
        
      • 12:00 Lunch Break 2h0'
      • 14:00 Opening Introductions and Workshop Review 1h0'
        Speaker: S. M. Radicella (ICTP), P. Doherty (Boston College, USA), B. Nava (ICTP)
      • 15:00 Participants Introduction 30'
      • 15:30 Coffee Break 30'
      • 16:00 Introduction to GNSS 1h0'
        Speaker: P. Doherty (Boston College, USA)
      • 17:30 Get-together drink 1h0' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
  • Tuesday, 24 April 2018
    • 09:00 - 17:00
      • 09:00 The ICTP "Marie Curie Library" 30'
        Speaker: V. Cappellini (ICTP)
      • 09:30 Introduction to the Ionosphere 1h0'
        Speaker: S. M. Radicella (ICTP)
      • 10:30 Coffee break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 11:00 The Sun-Earth Connection 1h0'
        Speaker: C. Amory-Mazaudier (ICTP and UPMC, France)
      • 12:00 Low-latitude Ionospheric Research at INGV 1h0'
        Speaker: V. Romano (INGV, Italy)
      • 13:00 Lunch Break 1h0'
      • 14:00 How to Improve Single Station TEC Calibration in Low Latitudes 1h30'
        Speaker: L. Ciraolo (ICTP)
      • 15:30 Coffee Break 15'
      • 15:45 Linux and Matlab Tutorials 1h15' ( Adriatico Guest House - Informatics Laboratory )
        Speaker: J. Grassberger (ICTP)
  • Wednesday, 25 April 2018
    • 09:00 - 17:30
      • 09:00 Introduction to Space Weather and its Effects on Society 30'
        Speaker: P. Doherty (Boston College, USA)
      • 09:30 Ionosphere Prediction 1h0'
        Speaker: S. M. Radicella (ICTP)
      • 10:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 11:00 Introduction to Data Assimilation and Ionospheric Modelling 1h0'
        Speaker: B. Nava (ICTP)
      • 12:00 Multiconstellation TEC Calibration 30'
        Speaker: K. Alazo-Cuartas (ICTP)
      • 12:30 Lunch Break 1h30'
      • 14:00 Group Project Introductions and Assignments 1h30'
        Speaker: Y. Migoya-Orué (ICTP), K. Alazo-Cuartas (ICTP), C. Amory-Mazaudier (ICTP and UPMC)
      • 15:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 16:00 Computer Laboratory work on Multiconstellation TEC Calibration 1h30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Info Lab (Lower Level 1) )
        Speaker: K. Alazo-Cuartas (ICTP)
  • Thursday, 26 April 2018
    • 09:00 - 22:10
      • 09:00 Introduction to the International Space Weather Initiative (ISWI) 30'
        Speaker: P. Doherty for N. Gopalswamy (Boston College, USA)
      • 09:30 Use of TEC for Regional Characterization of the Ionosphere and Irregularities 30'
        Speaker: Y. Migoya-Orué (ICTP)
      • 10:00 Measured TEC Ingestion in model-to-model East African Low Equatorial Ionosphere 30'
        Speaker: M. N. Gereme (Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia)
      • 10:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 11:00 GPS TEC Processing Lab (The BC/Gopi Method) 1h30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Info Lab (Lower Level 1) )
        Speaker: A. Kashcheyev (ICTP)
      • 12:30 Lunch Break 1h30'
      • 14:00 Computer Laboratory Work on TEC maps 1h30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Info Lab (Lower Level 1) )
        Speaker: A. Kashcheyev (ICTP)
      • 15:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 16:00 Computer Laboratory Work on Multiconstellation TEC Calibration and TEC Maps (Cont.) 1h30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Info Lab (Lower Level 1) )
        Speaker: K. Alazo-Cuartas (ICTP), A. Kashcheyev (ICTP)
      • 19:00 Social dinner 1h30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
  • Friday, 27 April 2018
    • 09:00 - 17:00
      • 09:00 10 Workshops through the ICTP-BC Partnership 30'
        Speaker: P. Doherty (Boston College, USA) and S. M. Radicella (ICTP)
      • 09:30 The Vision of the International Committee on GNSS about Training 20'
        Speaker: S. Gadimova (ICG/UNOOSA in Vienna, Austria)
      • 09:50 A Message from the Institute of Navigation 10'
      • 10:00 The ICTP and the Boston College in my Professional Career 30'
        Speaker: J. Adeniyi (Landmark University, Nigeria)
      • 10:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
        A group picture will be taken on the terrace at 10:30
      • 11:00 The Impact of the 10 Workshops on African Academic Institutions 30'
        Speaker: B. Rabiu (Centre for Atmospheric Research, NASRDA, Kogi State University, Nigeria)
      • 11:30 The ICTP and the Boston College in my Professional Career 30'
        Speaker: O. Obrou (Université FHB de Cocody, Cote d'Ivoire)
      • 12:00 Can I be considered a “success story”? Thanks also to ICTP and Boston College 30'
        Speaker: M. N. Gereme (Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia)
      • 12:30 Open Discussion 30'
      • 13:00 Lunch Break 1h0'
      • 14:00 Solar Sources of Space Wather 1h0'
        Speaker: N. Gopalswamy (NASA/GSFC, USA)
      • 15:00 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 15:30 Group Project Time 1h30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Info Lab (Lower Level 1) )
        Speaker: Y. Migoya-Orué (ICTP), K. Alazo-Cuartas (ICTP), C. Amory-Mazaudier (ICTP and UPMC)
  • Monday, 30 April 2018
    • 09:00 - 17:30
      • 09:00 Welcome to Week 2 30'
        Speaker: S. M. Radicella (ICTP), P. Doherty (Boston College, USA), B. Nava (ICTP)
      • 09:30 Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling 1h0'
        Speaker: E. Yizengaw (Boston College, USA)
      • 10:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 11:00 Multi-Instrument Techniques for Space Weather Monitoring 45'
        Speaker: A. Coster (MIT, USA)
      • 11:45 Solar Eclipse Effects on GNSS 45'
        Speaker: A. Coster (MIT, USA)
      • 12:30 Lunch Break 1h30'
      • 14:00 Global Ionospheric Irregularity Occurrence and Impacts on GNSS 1h0'
        Speaker: K. Groves (Boston College, USA)
      • 15:00 Open Discussion 30'
      • 15:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 16:00 Group Project Time 1h30'
        Speaker: Y. Migoya-Orué (ICTP), K. Alazo-Cuartas (ICTP), C. Amory-Mazaudier (ICTP and UPMC, France)
  • Tuesday, 1 May 2018
    • 09:00 - 17:00
      • 09:00 GPS 101 1h30'
        Speaker: J. Raquet (Air Force Institute of Technology, USA)
      • 10:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 11:00 GPS 101 continued 1h30'
        Speaker: J. Raquet (Air Force Institute of Technology, USA)
      • 12:30 Lunch Break 1h30'
      • 14:00 Differential GPS with Demo 1h30'
        Speaker: J. Raquet (Air Force Institute of Technology, USA)
      • 15:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 16:00 Equatorial Electrodynamics 1h0'
        Speaker: E. Yizengaw (Boston College, USA)
  • Wednesday, 2 May 2018
    • 09:00 - 20:00
      • 09:00 GNSS for Ionosphere and Space Weather Monitoring 45'
        Speaker: J. Morton (University of Colorado, USA)
      • 09:45 Irregularities and GNSS Occultations 45'
        Speaker: K. Groves (Boston College, USA)
      • 10:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 11:00 Space Weather Considerations for GBAS Systems at Low-latitudes 45'
        Speaker: E. Yizengaw (Boston College, USA)
      • 11:45 Ionospheric Effects on GNSS Positioning Performance 45'
        Speaker: R. Filjar (University of Rijeka, Croatia)
      • 12:30 Lunch Break 1h30'
      • 14:00 Computer Laboratory Work about Ionospheric Effects on GNSS Positioning Performance 1h30'
        Speaker: R. Filjar (University of Rijeka, Croatia)
      • 15:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 16:00 Group Project Time 1h0' ( Adriatico Guest House - Info Lab (Lower Level 1) )
        Speaker: Y. Migoya-Orué (ICTP), K. Alazo-Cuartas (ICTP), C. Amory-Mazaudier (ICTP and UPMC)
      • 18:30 Get-together drink 1h30'
  • Thursday, 3 May 2018
    • 09:00 - 20:30
      • 09:00 Introduction to GNSS Receivers 1h30'
        Speaker: J. Morton (University of Colorado, USA)
      • 10:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 11:00 GNSS Software Receiver Laboratory 1h30'
        Speaker: J. Morton (University of Colorado, USA)
      • 12:30 Lunch Break 1h30'
      • 14:00 Monitoring Dynamic Bottomside Structures with GNSS 1h0'
        Speaker: K. Groves (Boston College, USA)
      • 15:00 Multi-frequency GNSS Satellite Signal Outages from an Anomaly Crest Location in India 30'
        Speaker: A. Paul (University of Calcutta, India)
      • 15:30 Coffee Break 30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
      • 16:00 Madrigal Laboratory 1h30'
        Speaker: A. Coster (MIT, USA) and E. Yizengaw (Boston College, USA)
      • 19:00 Social dinner 1h30' ( Adriatico Guest House - Terrace )
  • Friday, 4 May 2018
    • 09:00 - 12:30
      • 09:00 Group Project Presentations (10-minute presentations) 2h0'
      • 11:00 Coffee Break 30'
      • 11:30 Open Discussion 30'
      • 12:00 Closing Ceremony – Presentation of Certificates 30'