ICTP Seminar Series in Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics: "Out-of-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Ultracold Atoms"
Starts 13 Oct 2016 11:30
Ends 13 Oct 2016 12:30
Central European Time
The study of out-of-equilibrium thermodynamics has received a significant thrust thanks to the experimental advances in the control and manipulation of microscopic systems. Work, an ubiquitous concept in traditional thermodynamics, assumes in this context the role of a stochastic variable whose fluctuations can be ingeniously related to equilibrium properties, as is the case of the celebrated Jarzynski equality . In this talk, I will revise these concepts and discuss feasible experimental schemes to directly measure work in cold atomic setups. I will show that the interaction between atoms and the light polarisation of a probe laser, as in atomic ensembles experiments, allows us to measure work fluctuations through a homodyne measurement of the output light . A second scheme allows one to measure the work done on an atomic BEC in a double well potential when the atomic self-interaction is varied. I will discuss strategies based on optimal control techniques to reduce the irreversible work production .
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 R. G. Lena, G. M. Palma, G. De Chiara, Phys. Rev. A 93, 053618 (2016)