Starts 18 Mar 2021 15:00
Ends 18 Mar 2021 16:30
Central European Time
Zoom Meeting
Lecture 4 of series on
Climate and weather: from fundamentals to operational applications

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Abstract: The Atlantic Multidecadal Variability (AMV) modulates various climate features worldwide with enormous societal and economic implications, including variations in hurricane activity in the Atlantic, sea-level changes, West African and Indian monsoon rainfall, European climate, and hemispheric- scale surface temperature. Leading hypotheses regarding the nature and origin of AMV focus primarily on its links with oceanic and coupled ocean-atmosphere internal variability, and on its response to external forcing. The role of another possible process, that of atmospheric noise forcing of the ocean, has received less attention. This work addressed here by means of historical coupled simulations and diagnostic experiments, which isolate the influences of external and atmospheric noise forcings. Our findings show that external forcing is an important driver of the simulated AMV. They also demonstrate that weather noise is key in driving the simulated internal AMV in the southern part of the (0°-60°N) AMV region, and that weather noise forcing is responsible for up to 10%-20% of the multidecadal internal SST variability in some isolated areas of the sub-polar gyre region. Ocean dynamics independent from the weather noise forcing is found to be the dominant cause of multidecadal SST in the northern part of the AMV region.