Starts 1 Feb 2022 11:00
Ends 1 Feb 2022 12:00
Central European Time
Virtual
Zoom
Sarah Loos
(ICTP)

ABSTRACT
The complex world surrounding us, including all living matter and various artificial complex systems, is mostly far from thermal equilibrium. A major goal of modern statistical physics and thermodynamics is to unravel the fundamental principles governing the behaviour of such nonequilibrium systems, like the swarming of fish, flocking of birds, or pedestrian crowd dynamics. An important novel concept to describe and classify nonequilibrium systems is the stochastic entropy production, which explicitly quantifies the breaking of time-reversal symmetry. However, so far, little attention has been paid to the implications of non-conservative interactions, such as time-delayed (i.e., retarded) or nonreciprocal interactions, which cannot be represented by Hamiltonians contrasting all interactions traditionally considered in statistical physics. Such interactions indeed emerge commonly in biological, chemical and feedback systems, and are widespread in engineering and machine learning. In this talk, I will use simple time- and space-continuous models to discuss technical challenges and unexpected physical phenomena induced by nonreciprocity [1,2] and time delay [3,4].
 
[1] Loos and Klapp, NJP 22, 123051 (2020)
[2] Loos, Hermann, and Klapp, Entropy 23, 696 (2021)
[3] Loos and Klapp, Sci. Rep. 9, 2491 (2019)
[4] Holubec, Geiss, Loos, Kroy, and Cichos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 258001 (2021)