Seminar on Disorder and strong electron correlations: "Quantum quench in p+ip superfluids: Non-equilibrium topological gapless state"
Starts 6 Dec 2012 11:30
Ends 6 Dec 2012 20:00
Central European Time
Leonardo da Vinci Building Luigi Stasi Seminar Room
Strada Costiera, 11
I - 34151 Trieste (Italy)
Ground state "topological protection" has emerged as a main theme in quantum condensed matter physics. A key question is the robustness of physical properties including topological quantum numbers to perturbations such as disorder or non-equilibrium driving.
In this work we investigate the dynamics of a p+ip superfluid following a zero temperature quantum quench. The model describes a 2D topological superconductor with a non-trivial (trivial) BCS (BEC) phase. We work with the full interacting BCS Hamiltonian, which we solve exactly in the thermodynamic limit using classical integrability. The non-equilibrium phase diagram is obtained for generic quenches. A large region of the phase diagram describes strong to weak-pairing quenches wherein the order parameter vanishes in the long-time limit, due to pair fluctuations. Despite this, we find that the topological winding number survives for quenches in this regime, leading to the prediction of a "gapless topological" state.
We discuss potential realizations, including a proximity effect quench on the surface of 3D topological insulator.