Seminar on Disorder and strong electron correlations: "Bose-Einstein condensed gas with equal Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling"
Starts 7 Feb 2013 11:30
Ends 7 Feb 2013 20:00
Central European Time
Leonardo da Vinci Building Luigi Stasi Seminar Room
Strada Costiera, 11
I - 34151 Trieste (Italy)
We consider a spin-orbit (SO) coupled configuration of spin-1/2 interacting bosons with equal Rashba and Dresselhaus couplings. The phase diagram of the system at T=0 is discussed with special emphasis on the role of the interaction, treated in the mean-field approximation. For a critical value of the density and of the Raman coupling we predict the occurrence of a characteristic tricritical point separating the stripe, the spin polarized and the zero momentum states of the Bose gas. The role of the breaking of spin symmetry in the interaction Hamiltonian, as well as the compressibility and the spin polarizability of the system are discussed.
By using the hydrodynamic formalism we identify the excitation spectrum at zero temperature. The propagation of phonons is strongly affected by the SO coupling and the velocity of sound vanishes when one approaches the second order phase transition between the spin polarized and the zero momentum quantum phases. We also point out the emergence of a roton minimum in the excitation spectrum for small values of the Raman coupling, when one approaches the transition to the stripe phase.